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Gold Heap Leaching Process

Gold Heap Leaching Process

【Principle】Heap leaching (HL) is a flexible and economic gold ore processing method used to extract gold from low-grade gold ores. In this process, ore is firstly crushed to fine particles. By spraying leaching solution to the large piles, the gold-containing solution is leached. Then used the gold processing method of carbon adsorption, zinc powder displacement device and so on to separate gold from the liquid.


  • 1. Crushing and Screening
  • 2. Set Heap Leaching Site
  • 3. Sodium Cyanide or CNLITE Gold Dressing Agent Spraying and Leaching
  • 4. Carbon Adsorption
  • 5. Zinc Powder Displacement Device

【Application】Low-grade gold ore; Small-scale gold ore

【Process Description】
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Gold heap leaching process means transfer the raw ore to the prepared yard, or directly stock on the waste rock or low-grade ore, then use cyanide leaching chemical or CNLITE eco-friendly gold dressing agent to spray or infiltrate, and the ore reacts with the cyanide leaching liquid. After several recycling of leaching liquid and repeat spray, the leaching liquid can be collected. Then, treating leaching liquid by the activated carbon or metal zinc method and the barren solution returns to heap leaching operation for reuse.

1. Raw Ore Treatment of Heap Leaching

The raw ore is crushed into fine particles (30-50mm) by using jaw crusher or cone crusher, then will be heap leaching directly; or pelletization (fine particles are pelletized into bigger lumps ), then piled by forklift.

2. Set the Heap Leaching Site

Generally, heap leaching site is the gentle slope hills (natural grade 5-15 ˚) that nears the mining site. Removing weed sand lose material firstly, and then consolidate it as the foundation with 5 ˚gradient. The sides are high and the middle is low, which makes leach liquid flow into the stationary tank easily. The yard is covered with geomembrane to prevent leakage. Around the storage yard, a 0.4-meter ridge of soil shall be built as a ditch to prevent the rainwater from flowing into the yard. Besides, build a 0.3-meter-thick of lean ore before stacking the ore.

3. Heap Spraying

Then the large piles will be sprayed by the leaching solutions, through which the gold-containing solution will be leached from the piles. The pregnant liquid will flow into pregnant solution pool. Then used the gold ore processing method of adsorption of activated carbon, zinc powder displacement device and so on to separate gold from the liquid. The tail liquid will be recycled.

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Gold heap leaching process has low production cost and it can be put into production quickly. In addition, the scale of heap leaching is more flexible, even more than tens of thousands of tons.

Gold heap leaching process

【Process Flow】
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Gold Heap Leaching Process Gold Heap Leaching Process

【Related Product】
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【Related Cases】
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